Sexual harassment refers to an unwanted or unwelcome conduct that is sexual in nature, and may be committed physically, verbally, non-verbally, psychologically and/ or visually, which can or may cause the person being harassed to feel humiliated, offended or threatened.
Sexual harassment is perceived as a spectrum. On the lower end of the spectrum would be conduct such as cat-calling whereas on the other end, you will find acts such as stalking, sexual assault and rape.
In Malaysia, the only acknowledged form of Sexual Harassment is listed under the Employment Act. This relates to Sexual Harassment at the Workplace. Several forms of Sexual Assault is criminalized under the Penal Code.
Forms of Sexual Harassment
There are various forms of Sexual Harassment:
Physical, Verbal, Nonverbal, Visual, Psychological, Online.
Online Harassment or Cyber Harassment
Online sexual harassment – or sexual cyberharassment – refers to threatening or harassing messages disseminated via emails, instant messaging services, social media platforms or other digital materials that are posted online. It usually targets a specific person either through direct contact or by the act or threat of disseminating personal information or materials that causes distress, fear, and/ or anger.
Cyberstalking is an exaggerated form of online sexual harassment, involving the use of electronic means to monitor or stalk a person unlawfully,threateningly or maliciously.
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